BY Kazuo Yamashita
Marine & Offshore
Chief Executive for Japan
The 2017 Gastech Exhibition and Conference is scheduled to take place in Japan on 4-7 April. Japan is a natural home for Gastech. The country is the world’s largest importer of LNG – itself one of the fastest growing markets worldwide. Together with other Asian countries, it constitutes an important trading center for LNG and related industries, including shipping, shipbuilding and offshore. More widely, Asia’s emerging LNG buyers are understood to have concluded over 60 % of new contracts globally during 2016.
Bureau Veritas’ strong organization in North East Asia ensures our relationships with our clients remain close. It also enables us to take part in cutting-edge fields, and contribute positively to their development. Globally, our 2,600 technical staff in more than 90 countries provide a full scope of services for the marine and offshore industries. Responsiveness is key in the maritime environment, and it is through our commitment to fast, efficient service that we enable our clients to move forward with confidence.
Visit us at Gastech Stand No. 6080 to discuss your business needs and also attend our seminar “LNG Transfer Systems for Bunker Ships” on April 6th @ 4.30 pm - “Technical STREAM 2.”
Building the future of LNG
Courtesy of MOL
Managing Executive Officer, Mitsui O.S.K. Lines
“LNG is clearly the future: it represents a clean energy source for the shipping sector. With sulphur emission controls in force from 2020, the expectation that LNG will be widely adopted as a maritime fuel is increasing.” Yoshikazu Kawagoe, Managing Executive Officer, Mitsui O.S.K. Lines, holds strong convictions relating to the development of LNG. A naval architect by background and an expert in marine technology, he heads the company’s Technical Division, including research and development for LNG.
MOL is involved in some of the most innovative projects in the industry, including three of the 15 icebreaking LNG carriers to be used for the Yamal project in Russia’s Arctic.
“The first vessel in the series has just completed ice trials, confirming the design’s performance and providing us with further confidence in our own three vessels, which will be delivered through 2018 to 2019.”
The ships are under construction at DSME to dual Bureau Veritas / Russian Register class. Also under construction to Bureau Veritas class is an FSRU scheduled for use in Uruguay: its tank capacity of 263,000 m3 makes it the largest worldwide.
“If a project is complex, Bureau Veritas is a great help. The number of FSRUs worldwide is increasing, but they remain relatively uncommon: that’s why we need specialist expertise.”
Yoshikazu emphasizes the long shared history of innovative LNG projects between MOL and Bureau Veritas: “We did our first project together in 2004: since then, Bureau Veritas has worked on 10 LNG projects with us.”
“It is important to us to have a classification society with strong technical expertise who is also uncompromising on construction quality and HSE. Looking ahead, the industry is going to see major changes in the form of the Internet of Things, and we expect our class society to offer strong expertise and support.”
Moving forward in bunkering tankers
Courtesy of Ibaizabal
Bureau Veritas is working on design assessment and classification surveys for three bunker supply units for the Spanish market. The first is a newbuilding with bunker capacities of 4,000 m3 of HFO, 1,000 m3 of MDO and 1,200 m3 of LNG. It will be delivered by Zamakona yard to Suardiaz in 2018. In addition, two Bureau Veritas class in-service tankers are at design stage to be converted to multi-fuel bunker ships. Bureau Veritas sees potential for similar projects in the future, as demand for LNG as preferred bunker fuel looks set to grow.
Optimise software supports Ichthys project
Located around 220 kilometers offshore Western Australia, Ichthys represents the largest discovery of hydrocarbon liquids in Australia in 40 years. Bureau Veritas has supported the INPEX project since its very beginning on both technical issues and economic viability.
Courtesy of INPEX
INPEX acquired the Bureau Veritas RAM Software Optimise to assess the profitability of the Ichthys LNG project. The main purpose of Optimise is to predict production availability and assess the impact of LNG shipping scenarios on product deliverability. Thanks to Optimise, the INPEX CAPEX team was able to gain assurance that its project is economically viable. The OPEX team, meanwhile, will be able to reduce operating costs and document its Return on Experience to enable the company to develop future projects with greater confidence.
FSRUs gain ground
Courtesy of Exmar
Several FSRUs have been given positive Final Investment Decisions in the last year. Three reasons make FSRUs attractive: fast track access to LNG, generally attractive CAPEX, and short lead times to commissioning. The result is 11 FSRUs under order.
Bureau Veritas continually develops regulations to meet market needs, including rules for floating storage units permanently moored to a jetty for regasification.
Our position in the market is extremely solid. We classed the world’s first FSRU newbuild for Exmar, followed by eight other newbuildings: the small-scale FSRU at Wison yard and the upgrades of Exmar and Excelerate units. Two more FSRUs are under construction at DSME and HHI respectively: a 263.000 m3 unit for MOL and a 170.000 m3 unit for Kolin Construction.
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Courtesy of Engie
First LNG bunkering newbuilding delivered
The first ever LNG bunkering vessel newbuilding has been delivered by Hanjin Heavy Industries to Engie, NYK, Mitsubishi Corp. and Fluxys under BV class. The 5,100 m3 Engie Zeebrugge has been specially designed for bunkering activities in North Europe. It is equipped with dual fuel main and auxiliary engines, and two bow thrusters to improve maneuverability. The LNG bunker system has been assessed in accordance with NR 620.
Digitized asset integrity management
Bureau Veritas and Dassault Systèmes have joined forces to help clients bring down their AIM costs by optimizing inspection, maintenance and repair cycles.
The new AIM system is based on a continually updated 3D digital twin or avatar of the physical asset. It provides a user-friendly web portal from which users can access dedicated dashboards and schedule inspections and maintenance work.
They can also visualize and move through the 3D digital twin. The twin enables components to be tracked individually, making it easier for clients to see what degradations have been identified, when and where. In this way, risk-based inspection programs, corrosion predictions, steel weight renewal assessments, and defect criticality rankings become common usage. Exporting into Finite Element Analysis, such as VeriSTAR Hull, in order to assess the new strength and fatigue thresholds, also becomes a natural process.
first arctic LNG carrier ice trials
Courtesy of DSME
Christophe de Margerie, the first icebreaking LNG carrier designed for the Yamal project in Russia’s far north, has been delivered to Sovcomflot. Following successful sea trials, ice trials took place in early March in the Kara sea, confirming the vessel’s ability to sail in ice-infested waters.
The 300 m loa vessel will carry 172,000 m3 LNG in four membrane tanks. The tank membranes are of the GTT NO 96 type. The ship is dual-acting, navigating in light ice or open sea bow first, then navigating astern to break heavy ice. The hull form is designed with a moderate ice bow forward and a heavy ice-breaking profile aft. The astern ice breaking mode is assisted by the unique podded propulsion system which consists of three pods delivering around 45MW of power. Separate engine rooms housing the diesel generator power plants will be encased in a double hull to give protection from the ice and a high level of redundancy.
The ship is built to Bureau Veritas Polar Class 3 and Russian Register Arc7 standard for year-round operation in second-year ice up to 2.5m thick. The vessel will be highly winterized with Bureau Veritas winterization notation COLD (-45,-52) which means that the hull is prepared for operation in -45°C ambient temperature; equipment should be able to work at -52°C.
Ship safety and environmental protection is enhanced by a forward and aft ice belt to add strength to the hull in key areas and a detailed fatigue life analysis to ensure the structure can withstand stresses throughout its life. Bureau Veritas’ IceSTAR tool was used to assess the hull ice loads.
Built at DSME to Bureau Veritas class, the ship is the first of a series of up to fifteen vessels. The remaining vessels will be delivered by 2020.
An innovative solution to secure LNG delivery
Senior Vice President, Oil & Gas Business, INPEX
The Ichthys LNG Project is a large-scale LNG project by global standards and is expected to be operational over a period of 40 years, producing approximately 8.9 million tons of LNG and 1.6 million tons of LPG per annum, alongside approximately 100,000 barrels of condensate per day at peak.
Shigeharu Yajima is Senior Vice President, Oil & Gas Business, at INPEX, the largest E&P company in Japan and the lead partner on sales of Ichthys LNG. Having secured contracts with CPC Corporation, Taiwan for 1.75 million tons per annum (mtpa), and with Japanese utility companies for a further 4.77 mtpa, he explains that the partners faced a logistical challenge: how to deliver such large quantities of LNG to customers once production begins?
The solution adopted by INPEX was to build and operate its own vessels, through a joint venture shipping company with TOTAL.
“Ensuring a stable supply to our major customer CPC Corporation, Taiwan required an LNG carrier with an extremely large cargo capacity. At 182,000m3, our vessel will have the largest Moss-type cargo tank capacity of any LNG carrier in the world.”
The vessel is under construction at Sakaide Shipyard, Kawasaki Heavy Industries and classed by Bureau Veritas.
“We went through a careful process to select a classification society: Bureau Veritas has a strong reputation, track record and experience. They are our eyes and ears to scrutinize construction of the vessel, they proactively engage with our teams, and we have been consistently impressed by them.”
“The role of the classification society will also be important once production begins in the third quarter this year. We will need this vessel to operate efficiently for many years as we have a 15-year contract with our customer CPC Corporation, Taiwan: Bureau Veritas will provide us with valuable input on how to maintain our vessel.”
New Rules meet IGF Code requirements
Bureau Veritas has published new classification rules for gas-fuelled ships (NR 529) to meet the requirements of the IMO International Code of Safety for Ships using Gases or Other Low-Flashpoint Fuels (IGF Code). In force from January 2017, the IGF Code applies to new ships using gas or other low-flashpoint fuels. It contains mandatory provisions for the arrangement, installation, control and monitoring of machinery, equipment and systems. Our updated Rules help owners and yards understand and comply with the new IMO regulations, with more than 100 Bureau Veritas interpretations and clarifications.
News in brief...
Bureau Veritas published in March UPDATED RULES FOR THE CLASSIFICATION OF FLOATING GAS UNITS (NR 542). Noteworthy additions include the REGAS notation for regasification equipment on board this type of unit.
Spanish shipyard Gondan launched the last of three HIGH-PERFORMANCE ESCORT TUGS for Norwegian shipowner Østensjø Rederi in December. The 40 m vessels – designed by Canada-based Robert Allan Ltd (RAstar 4000 DF class) – are the first tugs to be powered by Wärtsilä dual fuel engines. Offering full operational availability at temperatures down to -20°C, the tugs will operate at Statoil's Melkøya LNG terminal.
Courtesy of Gondan Shipyard
Classification awarded for ONE FSRU
Bureau Veritas is to class one FSRU, with an option for a second, to be built at Hyundai Heavy Industries for Turkish construction companies Kolin Insaat and Kalyon Insaat. The cargo capacity of the units will be 170,000 m3 in four Mark III flex GTT’s membrane containment systems. The units will be granted Bureau Veritas’ RV notation for regasification installations.
Delivery of the JS Ineos Independence
To complete the series of six LNG/LEG/LPG carriers built in Nantong Sinopacific shipyard for Evergas, Bureau Veritas has classed the JS Ineos Independence. Like her sister ships, the vessel is equipped with four stroke Wärtsilä dual fuel engines capable of using ethane as fuel and three type C bilobe tanks with a total capacity of 27,500 m3. Two identical ships are being built at Jiangsu New Yangzi shipyard.